Sambucus nigra drawing of calendula flower
Other names Black elder, European elder
Habitat A shrubby tree native to Europe and found in most temperate regions
Constituents Essential oil, flavonoids, phenolic acids, tannins
Actions

Anti-catarrhal
Astringent
Diuretic
Diaphoretic

Therapeutic uses Colds and flu — relaxing and produces a mild perspiration that helps reduce fever
Catarrhal inflammation — tones the mucous linings of the nose and throat, improving resistance to infection
Arthritis — promotes the removal of waste products from the body
absurditii blends Warm — combined with cornflower petals, cinnamon bark, echinacea, ginger and lemon grass
Cool — combined with hibiscus flowers, lemon balm leaves, sweet orange peel, vervain leaf and rosehips

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